Types of Immigrant Visas
There are four basic types of Immigrant Visas to the United States
- Immediate relative (petition based)
- Family preference (petition based)
- Employment-Based (petition based)
- Diversity visa
A sponsor in the United States must begin the application process for all petition based visas.
Applying for Petition-Based Visas
A United States citizen, a legal permanent resident, or a business in the United States must begin the process of applying for a petition based immigrant visa. The process is started by filing a petition, usually the I-130 document, with the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service.
The relationship to the petitioner defines the type of immigrant visa the petitioner can file and determines how long it takes for the visa to become available.
If you are a U.S. citizen who has legally resided in Burma for at least six months, you are eligible to file a family-based petition at the Embassy in Rangoon. You will need to submit evidence of your legal status in Burma, such as a Foreign Registration Card, a passport showing entry, or an Employment contract, when submitting the petition.
IR-1 - Spouse of a U.S. citizen
CR-1 - Spouse of a U.S. citizen (conditional status)
IR-2 - Unmarried minor child of a U.S. citizen
CR-2 - Unmarried minor child of a U.S. citizen (conditional status)
IR-3 - Orphan adopted abroad by a U.S. citizen
IR-4 - Orphan to be adopted in the U.S. by a U.S. citizen
IR-5 - Parent of a U.S. citizen
Important Notes on Immediate Relative Visas
Immediate Relative visas are adjudicated as soon as the application is processed through USCIS, the National Visa Center, and the Embassy. IR visas applicants do not have to wait for visa numbers to become available.
Embassy Rangoon does not process IR-3 or IR-4 visas. Visit Country Specific Adoption Information for more information.
Spouses of U.S. citizens married less than two years have conditional status (CR-1). Children of a CR-1 also have conditional status (CR-2).
- F1 - Unmarried son or daughter of a U.S. citizen
- F2A - Spouse and/or minor child of an LPR
- F2B - Unmarried son or daughter of an LPR
- F3 - Married son or daughter of a U.S. citizen
- F4 - Brother or sister of a U.S. citizen
Important Notes on Family Preference Visas
Family Preference visa applicants must wait for the visa to become available before interviewing. Each year, there is a limited number of visas given to each Family Preference category. Visas are made available according to visa type (F1, F2, etc) and priority date, the date the petition was approved by USCIS. You can find the priority date on the letter USCIS sent to the petitioner. Once you know your Family Preference visa type (F1, F2, etc.) and your priority date, you can check the State Department's Visa Bulletin to learn what priority date is currently being interviewed for visas.
- E1 - Priority workers
- E2 - Professionals holding advanced degrees, persons of exceptional ability
- E3 - Skilled workers
- E4 - Special Immigrants
- E5 - Employment creation investors
For more information, visit the State Department's Employment Based Visa site