Types of Immigrant Visas
There are four basic types of Immigrant Visas to the United States
- Immediate relative (petition based)
- Family preference (petition based)
- Employment-sponsored (petition based)
- Diversity visa
IR-1 - Spouse of a U.S. citizen
CR-1 - Spouse of a U.S. citizen (conditional status)
IR-2 - Unmarried minor child of a U.S. citizen
CR-2 - Unmarried minor child of a U.S. citizen (conditional status)
IR-3 - Orphan adopted abroad by a U.S. citizen
IR-4 - Orphan to be adopted in the U.S. by a U.S. citizen
IR-5 - Parent of a U.S. citizen
Important Notes on Immediate Relative Visas
Immediate Relative visas are adjudicated as soon as the application is processed through USCIS, the National Visa Center, and the Embassy. IR visas applicants do not have to wait for visa numbers to become available.
Currently, international adoption is not possible in Burma. The only legal adoption mechanism is by executing a Kittima adoption deed which permits adoption only by Burmese nationals who are Buddhists. Non-Buddhists are not permitted to adopt in Burma. Visit Country-Specific Adoption Information for more information.
Spouses of U.S. citizens married less than two years have conditional status (CR-1). Children of a CR-1 also have conditional status (CR-2).
- F1 - Unmarried son or daughter of a U.S. citizen
- F2A - Spouse and/or minor child of an LPR
- F2B - Unmarried son or daughter of an LPR
- F3 - Married son or daughter of a U.S. citizen
- F4 - Brother or sister of a U.S. citizen
Important Notes on Family Preference Visas
Family Preference visa applicants must wait for the visa to become available before interviewing. Each year, there is a limited number of visas given to each Family Preference category. Visas are made available according to visa type (F1, F2, etc) and priority date, the date the petition was approved by USCIS. You can find the priority date on the letter USCIS sent to the petitioner. Once you know your Family Preference visa type (F1, F2, etc.) and your priority date, you can check the State Department's Visa Bulletin to learn what priority date is currently being interviewed for visas.
- E1 - Priority workers
- E2 - Professionals holding advanced degrees, persons of exceptional ability
- E3 - Skilled workers
- E4 - Special Immigrants
- E5 - Employment creation investors
For more information, visit the State Department's Employment-Based Visa Site.
Information about Visa Applications
Visa records are confidential under Section 222(f) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), so information can only be provided to visa applicants. There are some exceptions, such as providing information to U.S. sponsors, attorneys representing visa applicants, members of Congress, or other persons acting on behalf of the applicants.
Attorneys must submit a signed form G-28 Notice of Entry of Appearance as Attorney or Representative when requesting information about a visa application.